Osteoporosis is a condition that affects the bones, causing them to become weak and fragile and more likely to break (fracture).. Anyone can develop osteoporosis, but it is common in older women(due to lack of estrogen hormone). Risk factors for osteoporosis are: advancing age, female gender, family history of osteoporosis ,small body frames, sedenteray lifestyle, excessive alcohol consumption etc . Osteoporosis has also been associated with certain hormonal disorders such as Hyperthyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome. Long term corticosteroid use (eg prednisolone) can also result in osteoporosis.
Anyone who is losing height with age may have osteoporosis; unfortunately, osteoporosis typically has no symptoms at all until a serious fracture occurs, usually from a relatively minor injury Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (or DXA) is considered the gold standard technology for assessing bone mineral density as of the time of this writing (National Osteoporosis Foundation 2013; Clinical Key 2013). It uses X-rays to measure bone density and renders results in grams per square centimeter (g/cm2), with a larger number indicating greater bone mineral density (BMD).